Don’t let your patients with carcinoid syndrome symptoms rely on rescue medication alone.
- Once-monthly Somatuline Depot reduced patients’ need to use rescue medication by almost one-third4
*Least squares (LS) (adjusted) mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) treatment difference = -14.8% (-26.8% to -2.8%); P=0.017.
The average daily frequencies of diarrhea and flushing events in patients treated with Somatuline Depot (and rescue medication) were numerically lower relative to patients treated with placebo (and rescue medication), but were not statistically significantly different via hierarchical testing.
Study design and patient information
ELECT*: A 16-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase III multicenter trial1
Patients were excluded if they had4:
|—||History of carcinoid syndrome refractory to treatment with conventional doses of SSA|
|—||Treatment with interferon, chemotherapy, and/or peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, and/or tumor debulking <3 months before study entry|
|—||History of hepatic arterial embolization, hepatic arterial chemoembolization, and/or selective internal radiation therapy <6 months before study entry|
*ELECT=Evaluating Lanreotide Efficacy and safety as a Carcinoid-syndrome Treatment.4
†Administered every 28 days by deep subcutaneous injection, with access to short-acting octreotide as rescue medication.4
‡Analysis of variance and ANCOVA models were applied using Statistical Analysis System (SAS®) version 8 or higher.4
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION & INDICATIONS
- SOMATULINE DEPOT is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to lanreotide. Allergic reactions (including angioedema and anaphylaxis) have been reported following administration of lanreotide.
Warnings and Precautions
- Cholelithiasis and Gallbladder Sludge
- SOMATULINE DEPOT may reduce gallbladder motility and lead to gallstone formation.
- Periodic monitoring may be needed.
- If complications of cholelithiasis are suspected, discontinue SOMATULINE DEPOT and treat appropriately.
- Hypoglycemia or Hyperglycemia
- Patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT may experience hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia.
- Blood glucose levels should be monitored when SOMATULINE DEPOT treatment is initiated, or when the dose is altered, and antidiabetic treatment should be adjusted accordingly.
- Cardiovascular Abnormalities
- SOMATULINE DEPOT may decrease heart rate.
- In patients without underlying cardiac disease, SOMATULINE DEPOT may lead to a decrease in heart rate without necessarily reaching the threshold of bradycardia.
- In patients suffering from cardiac disorders prior to treatment, sinus bradycardia may occur. Care should be taken when initiating treatment in patients with bradycardia.
Most Common Adverse Reactions
- GEP-NETs: Adverse reactions in >10% of patients who received SOMATULINE DEPOT were abdominal pain (34%), musculoskeletal pain (19%), vomiting (19%), headache (16%), injection site reaction (15%), hyperglycemia (14%), hypertension (14%), and cholelithiasis (14%).
- Carcinoid Syndrome: Adverse reactions occurring in the carcinoid syndrome trial were generally similar to those in the GEP-NET trial. Adverse reactions in ≥5% of patients who received SOMATULINE DEPOT and at least 5% greater than placebo were headache (12%), dizziness (7%) and muscle spasm (5%).
- SOMATULINE DEPOT may decrease the absorption of cyclosporine (dosage adjustment may be needed); increase the absorption of bromocriptine; and require dosage adjustment for bradycardia-inducing drugs (e.g., beta-blockers).
- Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment and for 6 months after the last dose.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-855-463-5127 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/safety/medwatch-fda-safety-information-and-adverse-event-reporting-program.
- the treatment of adult patients with unresectable, well- or moderately-differentiated, locally advanced or metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) to improve progression-free survival; and
- the treatment of adults with carcinoid syndrome; when used, it reduces the frequency of short-acting somatostatin analog rescue therapy.
- Somatuline Depot (lanreotide) Injection [Prescribing Information]. Cambridge, MA: Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc.; June 2019.
- Data on file. Basking Ridge, NJ: Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc.; 2018. This study has been funded by Ipsen.
- Caplin ME, Pavel M, Ćwikła JB, et al, for the CLARINET Investigators. Lanreotide in metastatic enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. N Engl J Med. 2014;371(3):224-233.
- Vinik AI, Wolin EM, Liyanage N, Gomez-Panzani E, Fisher GA; on behalf of the ELECT Study Group. Evaluation of lanreotide depot/autogel efficacy and safety as a carcinoid syndrome treatment (ELECT): a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Endocr Pract.2016;22(9):1068-1080.
- Ipsen data on file. IQVIA patient claims, 2015 Q1–2019 Q3.
- Adelman D, Truong Thanh X-M, Feuilly M, Houchard A, Cella D. Evaluation of nurse preferences between the lanreotide autogel new syringe and the octreotide long-acting release syringe: an international simulated-use study (PRESTO). Adv Ther. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12325-020-01255-8.
- Data on file. Basking Ridge, NJ: Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc.; 2007.
- Ryan P, McBride A, Ray D, et al. Lanreotide vs octreotide LAR for patients with advanced gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: An observational time and motion analysis. J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2019;25(6):1425-1433.
- Adelman DT, Truong Thanh X-M, Mégret C. Enhancing patient care: co-creation and validation of a new and improved delivery system for lanreotide autogel/depot and its evaluation by US healthcare professionals. Presented at the 101st Annual Meeting and Expo of the Endocrine Society. New Orleans, LA; March 23-26, 2019.
- Giving a Subcutaneous Injection. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center; July 2016.
- Wolin EM, Manon A, Chassaing C, et al. Lanreotide depot: an antineoplastic treatment of carcinoid or neuroendocrine tumors. J Gastrointest Cancer. 2016;47(4):366-374.